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Internet as civic Right and Telecom Pack in EU

 
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PostPosted: Thu 25 Sep - 10:34 (2008)    Post subject: Internet as civic Right and Telecom Pack in EU Reply with quote

Libertés civiques et Internet en Europe -- sauver l'Interrnet européen

Le parlement européen, le 24 septembre 2008, par un amendement des Verts et des partis de la gauche, a refusé à une écrasante majorité le principe français "de la riposte suivie" proposée par le gouvernement français avec le Pack Telecom : refus de la répression administrativement exécutive et non judiciairement, visant à couper les connexions à Internet des IP depuis lesquelles des téléchargements sauvages , ou des échanges gratuits par P2P y compris des vidéothèques ou des sonothèques légalement acquises, auraient été commis.

Il a été débattu que dans une démocratie respectueuse des libertés civiques et des droits de l'homme et conformément au droit européen adopté par la communauté, seule une autorité judiciaire peut statuer de façon exécutive pour réprimer une criminalité, non une commission administrative.

Il reste que la seconde partie de l'amendement ait du être modifiée dans un sens de "la sécurité publique" vague, qui ne protège pas définitivement de la possibilité de réintroduire une application possible de la riposte suivie, lors de l'adoption définitive de la loi, ultérieurement, a dit Cohn Bendit un des rédacteurs de cet amendement.

Une solution déjà suggérée serait d'inscrire Internet à la table des droits civiques en Europe.

Alors étant le deuxième refus y en aura-t'il un troisième lors de l'adoption définitive, quoiqu'apparemment contre des etats puissants à l'intérieur de la communauté, lors de la prochaine présidence, succédant à celle du président français (héros des opérateurs des Telecoms et du divertissement), qui sera Tchèque ?

http://www.vnunet.fr/news/la_riposte_graduee_partiellement_rejetee_au_parle…
http://www.euractiv.com/fr/societe-information/eurodeputes-changent-orienta…
agency dealing with the security of communication networks (see EurActiv 06/03/0Cool.

The plan would also allow national regulators to impose functional separation of network management from service activities on incumbent operators as a means of tackling low competition. This is currently only possible in a few EU countries.

As for the radio spectrum, the reallocation of frequencies freed up by the switch from analogue to digital foreseen across the EU by 2012 should first take a market-based approach into consideration, according to the Commission's position (see our Links Dossier).
A lire aussi:
ListLinksDossier: Révision de la réglementation des télécommunications et de l'Internet [FR]
ListNews: Royaume-Uni : la dérégulation du haut débit est bien accueillie à Bruxelles
ListNews: Le Parlement accueille fraîchement la révision des télécoms
Autres articles:

* Télécommunications et Internet : le Parlement soutient une révision importante
* La Commission s’efforce d’intensifier le contrôle des télécoms
* Les questions des eurodéputés à la Commission seront filtrées
* Reding veut attribuer les fréquences libérées aux opérateurs de télécoms
* Les ministres européens rejettent la nouvelle autorité des télécoms

Presenting the draft reports amending the legislative proposals put forward by the Commission, MEPs asked for a quick agreement among the EU institutions on the overall reform. They also said more attention must be paid to the deployment of Next Generation Networks and the geographical segmentation of markets.

Indeed, the risk remains that the legislative process may go beyond the end of the current Parliament term due to the varying positions emerging from Commission, Parliament and Council.

A question of authority: EECMA vs. BERT

As earlier announced on various occasions (EurActiv 31/01/0Cool, the Parliament remains opposed to the establishment of the new telecoms authority proposed by the Commission (EECMA - European Electronic Communication Market Authority). As an alternative, in her draft reportexternal , Spanish MEP Pilar del Castillo Veraexternal (EPP), Parliament's rapporteur on the subject, suggested strengthening the existing European Regulators Group (ERG) and transforming it into a Body of European Regulators in Telecoms (BERT). Funding for the new body would come mainly from the member states via national authorities. ENISA, the EU agency currently in charge of network security, would remain in place.

Decision-making procedure

The Parliament also expressed opposition to the increased power that the telecoms review would give to the Commission. A proposal to allow Brussels to block remedies decided by national regulators if they contradict European principles has been watered down by MEPs. In their point of view, such blocking decisions should be taken jointly by the Commission and BERT.

Functional separation

The Commission's proposal on functional separation seemed to generally attract Parliament's agreement. National regulators should have the option of imposing this remedy but it "has to be explained and justified," said French MEP Catherine Trautmannexternal (PES), in charge of the Parliament report on the regulatory framework.

Radio spectrum

Trautmann confirmed her opposition to the primarily market-driven approach adopted by the Commission. "Market mechanisms, whilst constituting effective tools to derive optimal economic value, are not alone able to serve the general interest and provide public goods indispensable for achieving an information society for all," she concluded in her draft reportexternal .

Next Generation Networks (NGN)

The Parliament considered the deployment of fibre networks to be one of the two most important issues in the telecoms sector, together with spectrum reform. It considers the NGN to be much more important than the Commission's proposals appeared to do. The draft report suggests deploying parallel networks as the most preferable solution. If this is not possible, "an open network approach favouring shared investments and, if necessary, mandating non-discriminatory access would be needed," concludes the report.

Geographical segmentation

The Parliament also proposed introducing new remedies for national regulators aimed at allowing them to split national telecoms markets into different regional markets when appropriate, as already done in Britain by Ofcom last February. In its review of the sector, the Commission welcomed the Ofcom move, even though it did not propose geographical segmentation (see EurActiv 15/02/0Cool.
Positions:

"Today telecoms make up a large part of EU growth, with 250 million Europeans connected to the Internet. However access is still not optimal everywhere," said MEP Catherine Trautmann (PES, FR), in charge of the Parliament report on the regulatory framework. For this reason "we absolutely want the telecoms package to be decided before the end of the term".

MEP Pilar del Castillo Vera (EPP, ES), Parliament rapporteur on the new Telecoms Authority, clearly rejected the Commission's plan: "The new body would have three fundamental problems. It would end up creating a very large bureaucracy; it would pose a threat to the principle of subsidiarity; it would send a contradictory signal against the general desire to move from ex-ante regulation to a fully competitive market."

Martin Selmayr, spokesperson for Information Society Commissioner Viviane Reding, diplomatically replied: "The intended upgrade of the ERG to a more efficient, more independent and more transparent Community body (whatever its name) is a very welcome positive development, even though further work will be required to ensure that the legal framework and the financing of the new body will be fully compatible with European Community law."

He also added: "We regret the lack of ambition as regards the reform of spectrum management. In this respect, we hope that the months to come will further clarify the need to give Europe's wireless industry better access to radio spectrum for new services and to ensure that all EU citizens are covered by broadband."

The incumbent operators' reaction was represented by European Telecoms Network Operators' Association (ETNO) Director Michael Bartholomew: "By placing the next generation networks and the risky investment they entail at the top of the review agenda, Trautmann's report represents a significant shift from the initial Commission proposals, even if more could still be done to encourage NGN investment," he said, also welcoming Parliament's proposals on geographical segmentation.

On the other hand, "ETNO remains convinced that functional separation is not appropriate for today's market and could act as a deterrent to investment," added Bartholomew.

Ilsa Godlovitch, the European Competitive Telecoms Association's (ECTA) director of regulatory affairs, commented on behalf of the alternative telecoms operators: "An important principle put forward by Catherine Trautmann is that operators should share infrastructure to justify the expense of rolling out fibre access lines. We are encouraged by these signals. However, we are concerned about some contradictory aspects of the proposal, which suggest that duplicating lines rather than sharing them should be the preferred approach. We find the idea that customers would want to pay more for to have multiple telephone lines from different providers going into their house unrealistic and unlikely to gain the backing of financiers," she said.

The proposal on geographical segmentation was considered by Godlovitch to be a measure "likely to increase red tape and raise prices, in particular for rural customers". "The UK was the first in Europe to try this approach, but the decision to segment broadband markets will not be fully in force until 2009 so it is too early to see what effect it will have. We do know that New Zealand tried it in the past, but has since moved towards a more unified national approach," she commented.
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Ali No War http://www.myspace.com/alinowar
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PostPosted: Thu 25 Sep - 10:34 (2008)    Post subject: Publicité

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PostPosted: Thu 25 Sep - 10:48 (2008)    Post subject: Internet as civic Right and Telecom Pack in EU Reply with quote

À noter que l'artiste électif de notre site dédié a un parcours sans faute sur la question des libertés collectives dans notre héritage pactuel des révolutions humanistes, non qu'il l'ait déclaré dans les termes techniques, mais de façon répétitive à la télévision et dans la presse, opposant la question du désir d'acquérir normalement le produit physique que l'on offre d'acheter dans les bacs, en termes de présentation artistique -- réponse éthique du commerce de l'art à la proposition de réprimer les téléchargements sauvages, à distance de laquelle contrairement à certains artistes français, il a pris soin de se tenir.

Notamment face à la ministre de la culture française qui n'a pas osé lui répondre pour lancer une discussion, vu sa belle persistance fermement assumée, lors d'une émission de la rentrée 2008 sur la chaîne publique '(T'es pas couché de Ruquier sur Antenne 2), il a répété son point de vue en le renforçant par le témoignage -- aveu -- le concernant, qu'il avait lui-même pratiqué le téléchargement sauvage lorsqu'il était étudiant, étant sans argent -- pour donner un exemple des personnes susceptibles de se retrouver coupables de façon injuste alors que faute de ressources elles seraient privées de l'accès à la culture et punies pour l'expérimenter malgré tout..

C'est un engagement critique et public de sa part, face au gouvernement élu et sa ministre de tutelle, car la dépositaire à Bruxelles de cette mesure associée à la proposition du Pack Telecom sur la communication et la téléphonie en Europe, est précisément cette ministre elle-même.

C'est ce qui m'autorise à informer ici le cours de cette loi sur une proposition liberticide de la France, qui reste en négociation, sans avoir le sentiment d'abuser du lieu pour le faire.

Quant à moi, il est probable que si Julien Doré avait cessé d'être respectueux des traditions acquises des libertés civiques et des droits de l'homme dans les démocraties électorales, j'aurais cessé de m'y intéresser en toute proximité des fruits de son travail... Mais jamais cette question à son égard ne s'est posée, serait-il un commerçant dynamique de sa personne, de son ouvrage et de ses oeuvres !

Je persiste et signe en tout pour Julien Doré comme artiste et poète dans la cité.
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Ali No War http://www.myspace.com/alinowar
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PostPosted: Wed 1 Oct - 06:13 (2008)    Post subject: Internet as civic Right and Telecom Pack in EU Reply with quote

Merci Orphée, il faudra que je mette une interview de JD d'il y a quelques jours où il s'exprime un peu là dessus (sur la pétition contre le téléchargement sauvage). Il faut que je l'héberge. Smile
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PostPosted: Wed 1 Oct - 12:12 (2008)    Post subject: Internet as civic Right and Telecom Pack in EU Reply with quote

ah oui i ce serait vraiment bien;-)
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Ali No War http://www.myspace.com/alinowar
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